Kuma Noboru

Kuma Noboru


Surname (Japanese)
Forename (Japanese)クマ
Regularized Name昇 クマ
Surname (Romanized Japanese)Noboru
Forename (Romanized Japanese)Kuma
Regularized NameKuma Noboru
PostBoxP.O. Box 231
SettlementSteveston, British Columbia

Shared Surnames



Readers of these historical materials will encounter derogatory references to Japanese Canadians and euphemisms used to obscure the intent and impacts of the internment and dispossession. While these are important realities of the history, the Landscapes of Injustice Research Collective urges users to carefully consider their own terminological choices in writing and speaking about this topic today as we confront past injustice. See our statement on terminology, and related sources here.