Joseph-Enoil Michaud

Joseph-Enoil Michaud

Joseph-Enoil Michaud (born September 26, 1888 in Saint-Antonin, Quebec; died May 23, 1967) was a Liberal Member of Parliament from 1933 until 1945, serving as Minister of Fisheries under successive Mackenzie King governments from October 1935 until October 1942 and Minister of Transport from October 1942 until April 1945. During his tenure as Minister of Fisheries, Michaud promulgated race-based restrictions on the number of fishing licenses granted to Japanese Canadian fishermen, despite privately expressing hesitations about the policy. Michaud oversaw the Japanese Fishing Vessel Disposal Committee and recommended the policy outlined in Order-in-Council P.C. 1942-251, banning the granting of fishing licenses to "persons of Japanese racial origin" for the duration of the war. (Source: Kimura Appendix)
Also known as J.E. Michaud.


Regularized NameJoseph-Enoil Michaud


Readers of these historical materials will encounter derogatory references to Japanese Canadians and euphemisms used to obscure the intent and impacts of the internment and dispossession. While these are important realities of the history, the Landscapes of Injustice Research Collective urges users to carefully consider their own terminological choices in writing and speaking about this topic today as we confront past injustice. See our statement on terminology, and related sources here.